Representative Publications


  • Bar-Dolev, M., Bernheim, R., Guo, S., Davies, P.L., Braslavsky, I. (2016) Putting life on ice: Bacteria that bind to frozen water. RSC Interface. 2016 Aug;13(121). pii: 20160210. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2016.0210. PubMed: 27534698
  • Bar-Dolev, M., Braslavsky, I., Davies, P.L. (2016) Antifreeze protein function. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 85, 515-542. PubMed: 27145844
  • Basu, K., Campbell, R.L., Guo, S., Sun, T., Davies, P.L. (2016) Modeling repetitive, non-globular proteins. Protein Sci. 25 (5), 946-58 Feb 23. doi: 10.1002/pro.2907. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed:26914323
  • Basu, K., Wasserman, S.S., Jeronimo, P.S., Graham, L.A., Davies, P.L. (2016) Intermediate activity of midge antifreeze protein is due to a tyrosine-rich ice-binding site and atypical ice plane affinity. FEBS J. 283 (8) 2016 Feb 20. doi: 10.1111/febs.13687. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed:26896764


  • Sun, T., Davies, P.L., Walker, V.K. (2015) Structural basis for the inhibition of gas hydrates by alpha-helical antifreeze proteins. Biophys. J. 109, 1698-1705. PubMed: 26488661
  • Stevens, C., Drori, R., Zalis, S., Braslavsky, I., Davies, P.L. (2015) Dendrimer-linked antifreeze proteins have superior activity and thermal recovery. Bioconjugate Chemistry. PubMed: 26267368
  • Basu, K., Graham, L.A., Campbell, R.L., Davies, P.L. (2015) Flies expand the repertoire of protein structures that bind ice. PNAS 112(3), 737-742. PubMed: 25561557


  • Sun,T., Feng-Hsu Lin, F-H., Campbell, R.L., Allingham, J.S., and Davies, P.L. (2014) An antifreeze protein folds with an interior network of over 400 semi-clathrate waters. Science, 343(6172), 795-8 PubMed: 24531972 Access the recommendation on F1000Prime
  • Vance, T.D.R., Olijve, L.L.C., Campbell, R.L., Voets, I.K., Davies, P.L., Guo, S. (2014) Ca2+-stabilized adhesin helps an Antarctic bacterium reach out and bind ice. Bioscience Reports 34(4). PubMed: 24892750
  • Davies, P.L. (2014) Ice-binding proteins: a remarkable diversity of structures for stopping and starting ice growth. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 39(11), 548-555. PubMed: 25440715


  • Graham L.A, Hobbs R.S, Fletcher G.L, Davies P.L. (2013) Helical antifreeze proteins have independently evolved in fishes on four occasions.  PLoS ONE 8(12), e81285 PubMed: 24324684
  • Guo, S., Garnham, C.P., Partha, S.K., Campbell, R.L., Allingham, J.S., Davies, P.L. (2013) Role of Ca2+ in folding the tandem β-sandwich extender domains of a bacterial ice-binding adhesion. FEBS Journal Ref. no.: FJ-13-0467.R1.PubMed: 24024640
  • Celik Y., Drori R., Pertaya-Braun N., Altan A., Barton T., Bar-Dolev M., Groisman A., Davies P.L., Braslavsky I. (2013) Microfluidic experiments reveal that antifreeze proteins bound to ice crystals suffice to prevent their growth. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 110,1309-14 PubMed: 23300286


  • Guo, S., Garnham, C.P., Whitney J.C., Graham, L.A. and Davies, P.L. (2012) Re-evaluation of a bacterial antifreeze protein as an adhesin with ice-binding activity. PLoS ONE 7, e48805 PubMed: 23144980
  • Garnham C.P., Nishimiya Y., Tsuda S., Davies P.L. (2012) Engineering a naturally inactive isoform of type III antifreeze protein into one that can stop the growth of ice. FEBS Lett. 586(21), 3876-81. PubMed: 23017208
  • Campbell R.L., Davies P.L. (2012) Structure-function relationships in calpains. Biochem J. 447, 335-51 PubMed: 23035980
  • Middleton, A.J., Marshall, C.B., Faucher, F., Bar-Dolev, M., Braslavsky, I., Campbell, R.L., Walker, V.K. and Davies, P.L. (2012) Antifreeze protein from freeze-tolerant grass has a beta-roll fold with an irregularly structured ice-binding site. J. Mol. Biol. 416, 713-724 PubMed: 22306740


  • Garnham, C.P., Campbell, R.L., Walker, V.K and Davies, P.L. (2011) Novel dimeric β-helical model of an ice nucleation protein with bridged active sites. BMC Structural Biology 11, 36 PubMed: 21951648   Free PDF at BioMed Central
  • Lin, F.H.,Davies, P.L. and Graham, L.A. (2011) The Thr- and Ala-rich hyperactive antifreeze protein from inch worm folds as a flat silk-like β-helix. Biochemistry 50, 4467-4478. PubMed: 21486083
  • Garnham, C.P., Campbell, R.L. and Davies, P.L. (2011) Anchored clathrate waters bind antifreeze proteins to ice. PNAS 108, 7363-7367. PubMed: 21482800 PubMed Central: PMC3088597


  • Garnham, C.P,. Natarajan, A,. Middleton, A.J., Kuiper, M.J., Braslavsky, I., Davies, P.L. (2010) Compound ice-binding site of an antifreeze protein revealed by mutagenesis and fluorescent tagging. Biochemistry 49, 9063-9071. PubMed: 20853841
  • Mok, Y.F., Lin, F.H., Graham, L.A., Celik, Y. Braslavsky, I., Davies, P.L. (2010) Structural basis for the superior activity of the large isoform of snow flea antifreeze protein. Biochemistry 49, 2593-2603. PubMed: 20158269
  • Celik Y., Graham, L.A., Mok, Y.F., Bar, M., Davies, P.L., Braslavsky I. (2010) Superheating of ice crystals in antifreeze protein solutions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 107, 5423-5428. PubMed: 20215465


  • Garnham, C.P., Hanna, R.A., Chou, J.S., Low, K.E., Gourlay, K., Campbell, R.L., Beckmann, J.S. and Davies, P.L. (2009) Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A can result from accelerated autoproteolytic inactivation of calpain 3. Biochemistry 48, 3457-3467. PubMed: 19226146
  • Middleton, A.J., Brown, A.M., Davies, P.L. and Walker, V.K. (2009) Identification of the ice-binding face of a plant antifreeze protein. FEBS Lett. 583, 815-819. PubMed: 19185572
  • Ravulapalli, R., Campbell, R.L., Gauthier, S.Y., Dhe-Paganon, S. and Davies, PL. (2009) Distinguishing between calpain heterodimerization and homodimerization. FEBS J. 276, 973-982. PubMed: 19215300


  • Hanna, R.A., Campbell, R.L. and Davies, P.L. (2008) Calcium-bound structure of calpain and its mechanism of inhibition by calpastatin. Nature 456, 409-412. PubMed: 19020623
  • Graham, L.A., Ewart, K.V., Lougheed, S.C. and Davies, P.L. (2008) Lateral transfer of a lectin-like antifreeze protein gene in fishes. PLoS ONE 3, e2616. PubMed: 18612417
  • Garnham, C.P., Gilbert, J.A., Hartman, C.P., Campbell, R.L., Laybourn-Parry, J. and Davies, P.L. (2008) A Ca2+-dependent bacterial antifreeze protein domain has a novel β-helical ice-binding fold. Biochem J. 411, 171-180. PubMed: 8095937
  • Graham, L.A., Marshall, C.B., Lin, F.H., Campbell, R.L. and Davies, PL. (2008) Hyperactive antifreeze protein from fish contains multiple ice-binding sites. Biochemistry 47, 2051-2063. PubMed: 18225917